ALLURAN RIGA-KAFI

Yara ýan kasa da shekara biyar sun fi mu shiga hadarin kamuwa da cututtuka saboda dalilai biyu. Na farko shine kwayoyin garkuwar jikinsu bata yi kwarin da za ta yaki cututtuka ba, na biyu kuma shine saboda kusan komai suka samu ko suka taba baki suke kaiwa, inda nan ne hanyar da mafi yawan kwayoyin cuta ke shiga jiki. Wannan yasa alkaluma kuma suke yawan nunawa cewa kananan yara ýan kasa da shekaru biyar sun fi kowa mutuwa. Dalilin da ya sa aka fi ba da muhimmancin riga-kafi a kan kananan yara kenan.

Su dai magungunan riga-kafi wasu sindarai ne da ke sanya jiki kera kwayoyin garkuwar jiki da za su iya yakar cuta. Wato dai kamar makarantar koyon aikin soja take, wadda ke dauka kuma take yaye sojoji dabam-dabam, na kasa, da na ruwa, da na sama. Misali sinadarin riga-kafin cutar tarin fuka tana samar da sojojin kare yaro daga tarin fuka, sinadaran riga-kafin ciwon shan inna, na samar da sojoji daban na yaki da kwayoyin cutar shan inna. Duk cutukan da suke da alluran riga-kafi za a ga cewa kwayoyin cuta ke kawo su, wanda sune suka fi addabar kananan yara. Cutar amosanin jini da ke addabar wasu yara misali, ba a yakarta ta hanyar allurar riga-kafi saboda ba kwayoyin cuta ke jawo ta ba sai ta hanyar gwajin saurayi da budurwa kafin suyi aure.

Ba za mu gane amfanin alluran riga-kafi ba sai idan mun tuna da wasu cutuka biyu da suka addabe mu a zamanin da wadanda yanzu kusan aka daina jin duriyarsu. Wadannan cutuka sune ciwon agana (smallpox) da tarin shika ko tarin jaki (whooping cough). Ciwon agana ma an daina jinsa ako ina cikin duniya, amma akan dan ji bullar tarin shika jefi-jefi a wasu yankunan na duniya. Ba don zargin da ya taso na cewa an gurbata allurer shan-inna ba da tuni ciwon shan innan ma an manta dashi. Ciwon tarin fuka (TB) a kanan yara shima ya ragu matuka saboda lambar nan ta BCG. Ana nan ana kuma kera sinadaran alluran riga-kafin zazzabin cizon sauro da na cutar kanjamau.

 

Ga jadawalin alluran da ya kamata yaranmu su samu tun daga haihuwa:

 

Lokaci Allurar Riga-kafi
Ana haifar yaro akwai allura daya da digon-baki daya Lambar BCG ta tarin fukada Hepatitis B ta ciwon hanta

da digon-baki na OPV ta shan-inna

Idan ya cika wata daya akwai allura daya da digon-baki daya Allurar DPT ta tarin shika da sarke-hakoraDa digon-baki na OPV
A wata na biyu akwai allura daya da digon-baki daya A sake allurar DPT da OPV
A wata na uku akwai allura daya da digon-baki daya A sake kaishi allurar DPT da OPV
A wata na tara akwai allura daya da digon baki daya Allurar kyanda da digon-bakin sinadarin Vitamin A
A wata na goma sha biyar akwai digon-baki daya Digon-bakin sinadarin Vitamin A
Duk bayan shekara goma Allurar sarke hakora ta Tetanus
Duk shekara lokacin zafi Allurar sankarau ga wadanda ke cikin hadarin kamuwa

 

 

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