Gwaje-Gwaje Lafiya Kafin Aure

Ana so a rika yin aune-aune da gwaje-gwajen lafiyar ma’aurata kafin a daura aure. Wannan gwaji a likitance shi muke kira da pre-marital screening, kuma a yanzu a kusan ko’ina a duniya, har qasashen musulmai na Larabawa ya zama doka ta wajibi wadda dole sai an cika kafin a daura aure.

Gwaje-gwajen lafiya kafin aure na daya daga cikin manyan hanyoyin da ake bi wajen kiyaye aukuwar cutuka, musamman a mata da kananan yara. Tunda an ce riga-kafi ya fi magani, idan aka rungumi wannan hanya ta riga-kafi za a iya shawo kan wasu manya-manyan cutuka da mata da yara kan samu wadanda za mu lissafosu a gaba.

Awon jini shi ne ginshiqin wannan gwaji. Ana auna cutuka da dama a ma’auratan, amma su cutukan sun kasu kashi biyu: Cutukan gado na tangardar kwayoyin halittu na gado na DNA wadanda uwa da uba za su iya sa wa dansu, da kuma cutukan da kwayoyin cuta za su iya sa wa, wadanda miji ko mata za su iya sa wa junansu, har ma idan ba a yi sa’a ba su sa wa ‘ya’yansu. A kashi na farko ana duba kwayoyin halittu na cutuka kamar na amosanin jini wato sikila da sauran tangardar kwayoyin halittun gado irinsu ciwon maloho da sauransu. Amma da yake ciwon sikila ya fi yawa, kuma ya fi yi wa yara illa da saurin kisa, an fi ba da karfi da muhimmanci a kansa. Wannan gwaji na sikila sunansa ‘Hb Genetype’, kuma a yanzu wajibi ne ma’aurata sai sun yi shi. A kashi na biyu kuma ana auna cutuka ne wadanda kwayoyin cuta sukan sa, cutuka irinsu kwayar kanjamau kamar yadda ka ce, gwajin da muke kira ‘HIV Screening’ sai awon ciwon

hanta na hepatitis B, wanda muke kira Hepatitis B Screening’ sai na ciwon tunjere ko syphilis, awon da ake kira VDRL. Akwai saura amma wadannan su ne manyan.

Wadannan aune-aune a yanzu sun zama tsari na dindindin a asibitocinmu wadanda ake yi lokutan awo, amma ba su zama tsari na dindindin ba a masallatai da majami’u inda ake daura aure ba. Wannan shi muke so a canza, domin ina amfani a zo awo a ga mace da wadannan cutuka? (Amfanin kawai shi ne, watakila a ceci danta, amma ba ita ba). Amma idan aka yi kafin aure an kiyayeta da ita da ‘ya’yanta. Tunda misali idan aka ga akwai mai ciwon hanta a tsakanin ma’aurata alluran riga-kafi kawai za a yi wa wanda bai da ciwon a cikinsu, shikenan an kare kowa.

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